University of Alcalá
|Type of Publication:||In Proceedings||Keywords:||3D visual odometry;GPS navigation assistance;RANSAC;iterative technique on-board driver assistance;nonlinear photogrametric aproach;roads;stereo-vision system;vehicle global position;vehicle trajectories;Global Positioning System;automated highways;distan|
|Book title:||Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 2007 IEEE|
This paper describes a method for estimating the vehicle global position in a network of roads by means of visual odometry. To do so, the ego-motion of the vehicle relative to the road is computed using a stereo-vision system mounted next to the rear view mirror. Feature points are matched between pairs of frames and linked into 3D trajectories. The resolution of the equations of the system at each frame is carried out under the non-linear, photogrammetric approach using RANSAC. This iterative technique enables the formulation of a robust method that can ignore large numbers of outliers as encountered in real traffic scenes. The resulting method is defined as visual odometry and can be used in conjunction with other sensors, such as GPS, to produce accurate estimates of the vehicle global position. The obvious application of the method is to provide on-board driver assistance in navigation tasks, or to provide a means for autonomously navigating a vehicle. The method has been tested in real traffic conditions without using prior knowledge about the scene nor the vehicle motion. We provide examples of estimated vehicle trajectories using the proposed method and discuss the key issues for further improvement.
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